Libya is a country in North Africa with 6 million inhabitants. Libya is one of the largest countries in Africa. Neighboring countries are Tunisia, Algeria, Niger, Chad, Sudan and Egypt. Libya has a coastline along the Mediterranean Sea. The landscape is dominated by the Sahara desert, sand plains and sand dunes, with an oasis sporadically. The Tibesti massif lies in the southeast. The coastal plain is greener with beautiful beaches. There are two climates in Libya. In the north there is a Mediterranean climate. Central and southern, there is a dry desert climate. The capital Tripoli has 1.7 million inhabitants. The Phoenician city has sights such as the Green Square, the People's Palace, the Roman city walls, the red castle, the Jamahiriya museum, Pepsi Cola Street, the souks, the tea houses and the bath houses. Other important cities include Apollonia, Benghazi, Germa, Ghat, Nalut, Ptolemais, Qasr Libya, Slontah, Teuchira, Tobruk, Ubari and Zliten. The UNESCO World Heritage Site lists the rock drawings of Tadrart Acacus, the ancient city of Ghadames and archaeological sites of Leptis Magna, Sabratha and Cyrene. Other places of interest are the ruins of the underwater city at Ras Alteen, the desert city of Ghadames, The Sahara and the nomad tribes. The country was led by dictator Moammar al-Qadhafi until March 2011. Since then, insurgents have proclaimed the Libyan Republic.

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