Sudan is a country in east Africa with 40 million inhabitants. Neighboring countries are Egypt, Libya, Chad, the Central African Republic, Congo Kinshasa, Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia and Eritrea. The republic has a coastline along the Red Sea in the northeast. The Sahara is located north. Just below are the Sahel and the grass steppes of the Sudan. The Kurdufan hilly landscape and the Darfur plateau are centrally located. The Soedd swamp lies in the south, surrounded by savannah areas. The Nile, White Nile and Blue Nile rivers flow through these areas and have fertile banks. There are mountains along the Red Sea. There is a desert climate in the north and a tropical climate in the south. Capital Khartoum has 2.2 million inhabitants. Places of interest include the National Museum, the island of Tuti, the Presidential Palace, the Al Kabir Mosque and the Mogran Park. Other important cities are Al-Fashir, Juba, North Khartoum, Nyala, Omdurman, Port Sudan, Sawakin and Wau. The UNESCO World Heritage Site includes the sacred mountain Gebel Barkal and the areas of the Napata region. Other attractions are the Dinder National Park, the flora and fauna in the south, the many pyramids, tombs and temples of the Nubian Empire, the statue of black pharaoh Taharqa, the ruins of Meroe, the Red Sea and the area around Mount Jebel Marra in Darfur.

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